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Magnesium Fluoride (MgF2) is a colourless, hard and durable material and is birefringent. The materials durability and resistance to mechanical and thermal shock enable it to be used in harsh conditions, such as windows, while its birefringence makes it useful for polarizers in the UV waveband. Transmission occurs between 0.1µm and 7µm and the material transmits at over 90% between 0.4-5.0µm. Magnesium Fluoride has a hardness of about HK576, making it the hardest of the optical fluorides. It is stable in water, which means that it can be used for outer surfaces, such as windows.
Magnesium Fluoride makes excellent Rochon Polarizers with a waveband of, for example, 0.13 to 7µm. The separation angle, which is the angle between the ordinary and extraordinary rays, is about 10° at 1.55µm. The extinction ratio is about 10,000:1 with an output aperture of about 10mm (Crystal size dictates). Figure x shows the Rochon polarizers form and mode of operation.
Magnesium Fluoride is typically used to transmit in the VUV at 121nm. It can be used to transmit in the infrared but is largely inferior to Barium Fluoride and Calcium Fluoride in this respect.
Knight Optical supply a range of quality Magnesium Fluoride optical components including Magnesium Fluoride windows, Magnesium Fluoride lenses, Magnesium Fluoride prisms, and Magnesium Fluoride blanks either from stock or bespoke custom made to your specification for a range of applications. Every component is individually tested by our highly skilled technicians in our state of the art metrology lab to ensure all components meet our high quality standards.
Contact our multilingual technical sales team and discover how Knight Optical’s high quality Magnesium Fluoride optical components and service can improve your instrumentation and supply chain experience.